Read the percentage of agricultural phosphoric acid consumption in Iran in the following article. Phosphoric acid is an important chemical that has many applications in agriculture, medicine and various industries in Iran. This known acid consists of three hydrogen atoms, one phosphorus atom and four oxygen atoms. P 2 O 5 has a wide range of different applications and content. Phosphorus is one of the essential elements needed for plant growth. Although moderately present in nature, most soils, especially calcareous soils, are deficient in nutrients. Phosphate rock (PR) is the cheapest P fertilizer. Phosphate rock sources may be of igneous or sedimentary origin.
The phosphate value chain, although it has many applications in terms of number, is driven by the chemical fertilizer market in terms of production volume. Approximately 90% of the phosphate produced in the world is used to produce chemical fertilizers. The most important and widely used end products in the phosphate value chain are ammonium phosphate fertilizers, which are produced from the reaction of phosphoric acid and ammonia in petrochemical units. The compound fertilizer industry is directly related to the development of the mining and petrochemical industries and access to the raw materials of these industries. With the development of urea and ammonia petrochemicals, Iran has been able to have a relatively good position in the $ 13 billion market of urea as the most important nitrogen fertilizer for export.
$ 5 billion, the underdevelopment of the phosphate industry in Iran has not led to a $ 25 billion market share of compound fertilizers. Cheap gas energy, abundance of sulfur (as a raw material for the production of sulfuric acid) and high production of ammonia in the country, are among the competitive advantages of Iran for the production of chemical fertilizers. Estimates show that Iran needs 500,000 tons more phosphate imports than it currently has to be self-sufficient in the production of phosphoric acid and chemical fertilizers, and if it moves to achieve at least 5% of the Indian chemical fertilizer market, it needs another 600. .
According to the forecast of Iran’s fertilizer market and fertilizer opportunities in 2020, the fertilizer market in Iran will grow by more than 3.5 percent with CAGR due to the increasing need to improve the yield of agricultural lands in the country between 2015 and 2020. The Iranian government intends to become self-sufficient in the production of basic food products by 2025, which is expected to increase fertilizer consumption in the country over the next 5 to 10 years. In addition, the easing of US and EU sanctions against Iran is expected to boost trade in fertilizers and agricultural products in the coming years. A number of fertilizer market participants in Iran include Pardis Petrochemical Company, Kermanshah Petrochemical and Khorasan Petrochemical.
Fertilizers are essential for Iran’s agricultural sector because most of the land available for cultivation has poor soil fertility. In addition, due to the low level of rainfall in the country, the use of fertilizer is a prerequisite for increasing agricultural production. Increasing export demand for various agricultural products increases domestic production in the country and therefore increases fertilizer sales in Iran. Due to the abundant natural gas reserves in the country, Iran has a number of production facilities that are engaged in the production of urea and other nitrogen fertilizers. However, the demand for phosphate and potash fertilizers in the country is mainly met through imports.