China is the world’s largest producer of ascorbic acid, accounting for about 80 percent of the world’s commercial ascorbic acid sources.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is one of the most popular vitamins, especially during the flu season, and is an essential nutrient that should be consumed regularly to prevent deficiency. The maintenance of vitamin C in the body depends on diet, effective absorption, recycling and reabsorption of this vitamin by the kidneys. Different tissues and organs have different needs for vitamin C. Tissues with the highest concentrations of vitamins include the brain, adrenals, and pituitary gland.
This represents one of the main functions of vitamin C, which acts as a common agent for a family of biosynthetic and regulatory metalloenzymes.
Recent research has also shown the role of vitamin C in genetic and epigenetic regulation by enzymes that regulate gene transcription and methylation of DNA and histones.
As a result, vitamin C can regulate thousands of genes in the body and thus play a pleotropic role in human health and disease.
The largest producer of ascorbic acid in the world
The world’s current production of ascorbic acid is estimated at approximately 80,000 tons per year, with a global market of more than $ 600 million. It is biologically and chemically synthesized from D-glucose.
The largest producers of ascorbic acid in the world are BASF and Roche.
But China is still the largest producer of ascorbic acid in the world.
China is a producer of vitamins and is known as the world’s vitamin production base.
China began producing vitamins in the 1950s and grew steadily, becoming the world’s largest producer and exporter of vitamins by the early 21st century.
Despite the 80% or more market share of some Chinese companies, the development of Chinese industry plays a key role in the global market.
In recent years, with the development and expansion of the vitamin industry, the export of vitamin products has grown rapidly. At present, this type of product has become a type of commodity that has a relatively large export among China’s pharmaceutical exports.
Five of the most important suppliers of ascorbic acid in the world are in China. Shijiazhuang Pharmaceutical Company accounts for 22% of its production capacity, Pharmaceutical-Educational Group Ltd. 17%, North China Pharmaceutical Co., Ltd. 13%. Shandong Lovi Pharmaceutical Company has 22% and Jiangsu Jiangshan Pharmaceutical Company has a 13% stake.
95.2% of world ascorbic acid production goes to food, medical products and healthcare.
In the food industry, vitamin C is used as an antioxidant in beer, soft drinks, frozen beverages and baked goods.
Most of China’s vitamin C depends on imports, domestic consumption is seriously inadequate, the annual dose of vitamin C in China is only about 4,000 tons, which is less than 4 grams per person per year, which is much less than the annual dose of 60 -90 g in some developed countries of Europe and America. Therefore, the domestic market of ascorbic acid in China has great potential. If the data is calculated on the basis of the annual per capita dose in some developed countries in Europe and the United States, domestic demand will grow by 100%.
Vitamin C deficiency is rare in developed countries because most people get the recommended amount of this vitamin from their diet.
Vitamin C deficiency can cause fatigue, anemia, joint pain and muscle weakness. If left unchecked over time, severe deficiency can lead to scurvy, a condition that affects the body’s ability to produce collagen and causes tooth loss, joint pain, inflammation and bleeding gums, bruising and poor recovery. In children, a deficiency of this vitamin can cause bone abnormalities.